Kosovo are a nation seriously molded by migration. An ever-increasing system off literary works pays tribute to that. Yet not, to date, it’s got scarcely worried about new implications off go back. Women returnees – and particularly highly skilled women returnees – is considerably less likely to be throughout the focus out of lookup. Against this history, which papers looks at how highly skilled female Kosovars feel migration so you’re able to America otherwise Western Europe in addition to their subsequent come back to Kosovo. Inside options, the focus is found on new feeling out of migration to the participants’ gender norms as well as their attempts to profile those in Kosovo through to go back. The results reveal that most of the participants knowledgeable the sojourn abroad due to the fact strengthening. The vast majority of used so it empowerment and you will earnestly battled to have gender equivalence shortly after go back. Although not, opposition by the local people and you may reintegration activities hampered the engagement, prompting all the second participant amongst men and women interviewed for it studies so you can imagine re-emigration. Despite this, two-thirds of one’s users stayed and you will proceeded its engagement getting gender equality but constantly during the a modified trends. The new report stops you to definitely highly trained women go back migrants enjoys higher – no matter if fine – potential to promote gender equivalence from inside the Kosovo.
For a long time, Kosovo might have Mumbaian bayanlarla tanД±ЕџД±n been a nation out-of size emigration. Into the 2018, an estimated 854,198 Kosovar people existed abroad – as much as 50 % of its citizen populace (Balkans Plan Search Category 2020). Hence, it is no overstatement to declare that the world was formed by migration (Gollopeni 2016). This will be shown when you look at the an expanding muscles from books you to displays blind places, not, with regards to go back migration and you can, particularly, women go back migration. Since the Queen and you can Lulle (2022) show in a very recent overview, this is exactly part of a wider look pit you to overlooks this new stage from return migration with respect to the study industry out-of gender and you will migration. Brand new sub-group of highly skilled female returnees is also quicker the attract of your own literary works (Wong 2014).
A significant lead was acknowledging the fresh new common relationships anywhere between migration and gender: not only can gender inhibit or convince migration however, migration can be significantly alter the gender norms from migrants and you can supply countries (Hugo 2000; King and Lulle 2022)
Addressing these holes, it papers works together with the question of just how very skilled feminine Kosovars sense migration so you can North america otherwise Western Europe in addition to their subsequent return to Kosovo. Particularly, they investigates the new perception regarding migration towards participants’ notice-feeling and you will gender norms and you will – considering this – their attempts to reconfigure gender norms in the Kosovo abreast of go back. Toward good my personal training, this is basically the very first report one to falls out light with this particular procedure throughout the Kosovar context.
Drawing into the in depth wisdom gained away from 19 qualitative in the-depth interview, the brand new conclusions show that every members educated their remain overseas just like the strengthening. Many of them was eager to strive traditional gender norms on their return to Kosovo. They definitely forced to own gender equivalence inside their families and you can circles of family members, at work and due to volunteer works. But not, that it warmth are in the near future dampened because of the local population’s opposition and you can the new interviewees’ really serious reintegration problems. For that reason, the second fellow member noticed lso are-emigration and you can up to 1 / 3 actually performed very. The rest went on its engagement to possess gender equivalence but always inside an adapted and a little scaled back styles. However it must be emphasised that most the participants (during composing which report) had made a decision to stay and keep on the creating gender equality. Brand new report for this reason finishes you to highly trained women return migrants into the Kosovo enjoys a distinct potential to become agencies regarding gender equivalence, not fine.